I wrote two posts before, which were dedicated to installing software for research in ubuntu. This is an update for Ubuntu Precise Pangolin (12.04) a long-term support release. Installation should be extremely easy and basically a one-line command. You just have to love package managers.
If you want to install from scratch, download the new release from the ubuntu site. Otherwise, if you want to upgrade press alt-f2 (or open the terminal) and type
Once you are done with the basic installation or upgrade, you are ready for more. This means more software repository sources, more software, more libraries. Below comes a basic list, Please feel free to suggest other programs in the comment section.
- The ssh server.
- Google Chromium (Chrome) - because it's very fast and now supports smart bookmarks (at least in linux versions)
- Dropbox - great for synchronizing files across computers and between users. Works with different operating systems.
- Powerful editors such as vim and emacs,
- gnu toolchain,
- gnu screen,
- subversion (svn), git,
- file converter from dos to unix (tofrodos),
Article writing and reference management
- many latex packages,
- jabref and bibutils for converting to and from other reference formats.
- gnuplot, pdfedit,
- plugins to play media contents, etc.
- java RE and SDK,
- boost libraries
- Zim is a note-taking/wiki application which is much faster than tomboy (presented some time ago on this blog).
Get a new and comprehensive ubuntu sources list from the ubuntu sources list generator. Choose your country, your ubuntu release (12.04) and all the software sources that you think could be useful. I chose for example the canonical partner, restricted, etc, and google linux repository among others. After pressing generate sources, you'll get a file that you should put as /etc/apt/sources.list (don't forget to backup the old one). On the same internet page, you find how to add the repository keys, which you should do before updating your sources (apt-get update).
For mendeley repositories do (you might want to check that 11.04 is still the latest release they officially provide packages for)
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://www.mendeley.com/repositories/xUbuntu_11.04 /" >> /etc/apt/sources.list'
For the Adobe Reader repository do
sudo apt-add-repository "deb http://archive.canonical.com/ $(lsb_release -sc) partner"
Download the latest package information.
sudo apt-get update
I put all the software mentioned above and some more in a single command, so you have everything installed in one wash. No need to search or to sit around and try to fix things.
This will take a while...
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google.list'
apt-get install google-chrome-stable
Linux is an international effort translated into many languages. Depending on the "locale" you choose, your week may start with a Sunday, Saturday, or Monday. Say, you are not a Christian or Jew? You might want to change the first weekday in your calendar to Monday. Here's how.
What I found had difficulty to find at first was how to add applications to the launcher sidebar. Press the windows key, search for "Main Menu." You might have to install it first (you will get prompted). That's the application for editing the application menu that pops up on pressing the windows key and from this menu you can drag and drop items to the launcher sidebar.
You might want to see other of my articles for more tips, such as (for a short selection) smart bookmarks for faster web searches, how to synchronize web browser bookmarks on different work stations, personalize the vim editor, set up a revision control repository, and automatically synchronize data.
You can also see the UbuntuScience community page for some additional information.
Enjoy. Please leave a comment below for questions and suggestions.